Monday, August 10, 2020
Home Headlines Penalty u/s 271B not attracted on Tax Calculated on Estimate Basis: ITAT...

Penalty u/s 271B not attracted on Tax Calculated on Estimate Basis: ITAT Hyderabad [Read Order]

By Silpa N.P -

In a recent case, the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT), Hyderabad held that it was settled law that penalty on ad hoc disallowance or an addition made on estimate basis was not attracted.

Brief facts of the case are that the assessee, an individual engaged in the business of running a Kirana and General Stores, filed his return of income. The AO observed that assessee’s total gross receipts from the business were not audited, as total sales turnover or gross receipts of business exceed Rs. 40 lakhs, the assessee should have got his accounts audited by an accountant before the specified date in the prescribed form duly signed and verified by such Account but, the assessee failed to get his accounts audited as required u/s 44AB of the Act. The AO issued penalty notice under Section 271B of the Income Tax Act.

The assessee submitted in the light of the decision in the case of Suresh Shet Vs. ACIT (2010 6 ITR (Trib 30 (Bang.), that the assessee is filing the return of income in which showing business income u/s 44AF on the basis of presumption and not maintaining books of account. If a person has not maintained account books or any accounts the question of audit does not arise. In such an event alleged section 44AB do not get violated. In a case where accounts have not been maintained at all and therefore the penal provisions of section 271B of the Act would not apply.  During the scrutiny proceedings, the department made the addition of turnover on estimate basis, which could be real turnover or not, for which the assessee agreed and paid the tax due on the income resulting on the basis of estimation of turnover. When the AO accepted the fact that the books of account are not maintained, there is no reason for him to levy penalty u/s 271B of the Act.

The AO observed that the assessee suppressed the gross receipts, as the assessee failed to explain the deposits in a bank account. Accordingly, the AO estimated the income regards credit card payments at 6% on such suppressed gross receipts, added to the income returned. Thereafter, the AO initiated penalty proceedings u/s 271(1)(c) on the ground that the assessee concealed his income by suppressing the gross receipts and hence, worked out the penalty on the amount of tax sought to be evaded.

AO levied penalty u/s 271B of on the ground that assessee failed to comply with the provisions of section 44AB of the Act. When the assessee preferred an appeal before the CIT(A), the CIT(A) upheld the penalty levied by the AO. Aggrieved by the order, the assessee preferred appeal before this authority.

The authority comprising of members D.S. Sunder Singh Accountant Member, V. Durga Rao Judicial Member, in the light of judgments in cases CIT vs. Aero Traders Pvt. Ltd., reported in 322 ITR 316 (Del), Harigopal Singh vs. CIT reported in 258 ITR 85 (P&H) held that, In the instant case, the additions on which the penalty was imposed was estimated after applying the net profit rate and that it was a settled law that penalty on ad hoc disallowance or addition made on estimate basis was not attracted. When the bedrock of instant penalty is the estimate of net profit, the same cannot be sustained. Accordingly, by allowing the appeal of the assessee, set aside the order of the Ld. CIT (Appeals) and direct the AO to delete the penalty.

To Read the full text of the Order CLICK HERE