TCS Refund under GST: A Navigation through its Impact on E-commerce and Other Businesses

TCS Refund Under GST - Navigation Impact on E-commerce and Other Businesses - TAXSCAN


The Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime in India has undergone various amendments aiming to streamline taxation and stimulate economic growth. One such modification that has sparked significant interest among businesses, especially in the e-commerce sector, is the introduction of the Tax Collection at Source (TCS) provision. This article navigates through the intricate implications of TCS refund under GST and its far-reaching impact on e-commerce and various other businesses.

TCS under GST

TCS stands for Tax Collected at Source. It is a mechanism wherein a buyer deducts a specific percentage of tax at the source of the payment made to a seller and deposits this collected tax directly with the government on behalf of the seller.

In the context of GST regulations in India, e-commerce operators are mandated to collect 0.5% under CGST and 0.5% under SGST. For interstate transactions, the e-commerce operator must collect 1% under IGST of the net value of taxable supplies facilitated by them through their platforms.

Eligibility for TCS Refund

To be eligible for a TCS refund under GST, a seller must be registered under GST, have filed necessary returns (GSTR 1 and GSTR 3B), have excess TCS credited to their Electronic Cash Ledger and not have utilised the TCS amount for any other tax liability. Over 10 lakh registered taxpayers fall under the eligibility criteria for TCS refund.


The GST TCS rate varies based on the type of transaction and the seller’s turnover in the preceding financial year.

For e-commerce, the rate is 1% (0.5% CGST + 0.5% SGST) on the gross consideration value for suppliers with a turnover exceeding Rs.50 lakh in the previous financial year.

For other specified supplies, the rate is 5% (2.5% CGST + 2.5% SGST) on the gross payment value for specific transactions outlined in the GST law.

Key Points and Considerations

  • Sellers with a turnover below Rs.50 lakh in the previous financial year are exempt from TCS liability on e-commerce transactions.
  • The TCS rate for both e-commerce and other transactions is subject to revision by the government through notifications.
  • The TCS rate applies to the gross payment value, including the GST payable on the supply.

Concept of TCS for E-commerce Companies

The concept of TCS for e-commerce companies plays a crucial role in tax collection under the GST regime in India.

The purpose of TCS for e-commerce companies is multi-faceted

  • Addressing tax evasion: TCS acts as a preventive measure against tax evasion, ensuring upfront tax collection from sellers on e-commerce platforms.
  • Improved tax compliance: E-commerce platforms simplify the tax compliance process for both sellers and the government by deducting and depositing tax directly with the government on the seller’s behalf.
  • Enhanced tax revenue: Upfront collection of tax through TCS ensures a steady flow of tax revenue for the government, aiding fiscal stability and development initiatives.

Functioning of TCS for E-commerce Companies

  • Tax collectors: E-commerce platforms deduct a specified percentage of tax (currently 1%) from the total sale price, including GST, when a buyer completes a purchase.
  • Depositing collected tax: The platform is responsible for depositing the collected TCS amount with the government on behalf of the seller, typically on a monthly or quarterly basis.
  • Impact on sellers: While upfront deduction might seem inconvenient, sellers can claim the TCS amount as a tax credit when filing their GST returns, ensuring the overall tax burden remains the same.


The introduction of TCS refund under GST is a positive development for businesses operating in the dynamic e-commerce sector and beyond. It is a mechanism that effectively addresses concerns related to cash flow, competitiveness and compliance, fostering a more business-friendly environment. Though challenges exist, proactive measures from the government coupled with increased awareness within the business community can contribute to the seamless implementation of TCS refund provisions.

The concept of TCS for e-commerce companies emerges as a win-win for both the government and the platforms. It ensures timely tax collection, simplifies compliance and promotes a healthy e-commerce ecosystem. As the GST framework continues to evolve, businesses must stay informed and adapt to changes to navigate the complex landscape of taxation in India. TCS refund provisions, contribute to a business-friendly environment, fostering growth and prosperity in the Indian business landscape.

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