Tribunal rightly estimated Profit at the rate of 2% of Total Credits: Gujarat High Court [Read Order]

Tribunal - estimated profit - Credits-Gujarat High Court- Taxscan

The Gujarat High Court held that the tribunal rightly estimated the income at the rate of 2% of the amount deposited with the bank.

A huge amount of cash credits was found in the bank account of the assessee, Shitalben Saurabh Vora. In such circumstances, the notice under Section 148 of the Act, 1961 was issued with a request to furnish the return of income. Thereafter, the notice under Section 143(1) of the Act, 1961 was also issued.

However, the assessee neither filed any return of income nor complied with the notice. In such circumstances, a show-cause notice came to be issued, whereby the assessee was asked to explain the source of cash deposits of Rs.2,72,89,000 in the current bank account of Riddhi Impex with Nawanagar Co-operative Bank Ltd.

The issue in the present case relates whether the amount deposited by the assessee in the form of cash or cheques represents the income of the assessee. Admittedly, there was a huge deposit of cash or cheques in the bank account of the assessee.

However, on perusal of the bank statement, it is revealed that there were simultaneous withdrawals from the bank account leaving the negligible balance in the bank account of the assessee.

The CIT(A) thought fit to compute the profit at the rate of 8% of the turnover. However, the Tribunal noticed that such computation was without any basis or materials on record. Ultimately, the Tribunal thought fit to estimate the income at the rate of 2% of the amount deposited with the bank.

The court, while upholding the order of the tribunal estimated the income at the rate of 2% of the amount deposited with the bank.

The division bench headed by Chief Justice Vikram Nath observed that the Revenue has not brought anything on record suggesting that the assessee had so much of the income as computed by the AO. As such the AO was under the obligation to bring on record to demonstrate that the assessee has made some investment or incurred some expenses out of such income. But there is no such information available with the Revenue.

“Indeed, the assessee has certainly violated the provisions of law by not maintaining the books of accounts, furnishing income tax return, providing sufficient details but that does not lead to reach the conclusion that the amount deposited in the bank represents the undisclosed income of the assessee. As such, the deposits in the bank cannot be treated as income on a standalone basis without considering the withdrawal,” the court noted.

The bench further said that there is no standard jacket formula to work out the income of the assessee on an estimated basis. One has to apply some guesswork based on some scientific method. In this regard, we note that the assesses have made reference to certain orders of the ITAT where the income has been estimated with respect to the assessee engaged in a similar line of activities.

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